Application of Acrel-6000/Q Electrical Fire Monitoring System in Huifeng Kaiyuan Project of Jiading District

This paper briefly describes the composition principle of the electrical fire monitoring system, and analyzes the design basis and related specifications of the electrical fire monitoring system in the application. Finally, through the introduction of Ankeray residual current electric fire monitoring system in the Huiyuan Kaiyuan project of the Juyuan West Block in Jiading District, the realization of the function of the electrical fire monitoring system and its significance are expounded.
Yang Junjun An Kerui Electric Co., Ltd. Shanghai Jiading

0 Overview

HSBC Kaiyuan is located in the west block of Juyuan, Jiading District, Shanghai, with a building area of ​​28,604 square meters. This project is 44 ARCM200 series instruments in the floor of HSBC Kaiyuan, distributed in a 17-storey building. This project is mainly responsible for monitoring the leakage status of the distribution line distributed on the floor distribution box, and promptly reminding the duty room of the control room to prevent the occurrence of electrical fires.

At the HSBC Kaiyuan site, there are residual current meters, 44 ARCM200 installed in the floor distribution box. The field instrument is connected to the Acrel-6000/Q piano electrical fire monitoring system of the control center by bus.

1 reference standard

In recent years, in order to increase the intensity of electrical fire monitoring and prevention, the state has successively formulated or revised a number of relevant standards and regulations to strengthen the prevention of electrical fires. There are:

1.1. GB50045-95 (2005 edition) "Code for Fire Protection Design of High-rise Civil Buildings", which stipulates in Article 9.5.1 that a fire alarm system should be installed in places with high fire risk and dense personnel in high-rise buildings.

1.2. GB50016-2006 "Code for Fire Protection of Building Design", as specified in Article 11.2.7: The following places should be equipped with a residual current action electrical fire monitoring system. These venues include various types of theaters, galleries, warehouses, residential communities, hospitals, shops, schools, and more.

1.3. The relevant provisions of the national standard "Building electrical fire prevention requirements and testing methods" also clearly require that "the residual current action protector that automatically cuts off the power or alarm should be set at the power incoming end".

1.4. The products of the electrical fire monitoring system shall meet: GB14287.1-2005 "Electrical Fire Monitoring Equipment", GB14287.2-2005 "Residual Current Electric Fire Monitoring Detector", GB14287.3-2005 "Measurement Temperature Electric Fire Monitoring and Detection" 》

1.5. The installation and operation of the electrical fire monitoring system shall meet the requirements of GB13955-2005 "Installation and operation of residual current action protection device"

1.6. The power supply of the electrical fire monitoring system shall meet the requirements of GB50052 "Design Specifications for Power Supply and Distribution Systems"

1.7. The design of the electrical fire monitoring system shall meet the requirements of the Design Method of Electrical Fire Monitoring System (Interim Provisions)

2 system components

The HSBC Kaiyuan Electrical Fire Project consists of an electrical fire monitoring back-office, an electrical fire detector and a leakage current transformer.

The communication bus of this project is connected to two communication buses. After the bus is connected hand in hand, the bus is connected to the back of the piano to form the aorta of the electrical fire system. The leakage current transformer in the cabinet is connected to the leakage detector through the current line, and the leakage detector displays the leakage condition in real time. The above describes a set of electrical fire monitoring systems with stable signal and reliable accuracy. The system networking is divided into three layers:

1) Station management

The management of the station control management system for the electrical fire monitoring system is the direct window of human-computer interaction and the uppermost part of the system. Mainly composed of system software and necessary hardware equipment, such as touch screen, UPS power supply and so on. The monitoring system software calculates, analyzes, and processes various types of data information on the site, and responds to the on-site transportation situation by means of graphics, digital display, sound, and indicator lights.

Monitoring host: used for data collection, processing, and data forwarding. Provides data interfaces for system management, maintenance, and analysis within and outside the system.

UPS: Ensure the normal power supply of the computer monitoring system, and ensure the normal operation of the station management management equipment when the whole system has power supply problems.

The background monitoring device is set in the control room.

2) Network communication layer

Communication medium: The system mainly adopts shielded twisted pair cable, realizes real-time communication between field device and host computer by RS485 interface and MODBUS communication protocol.

3) Field device layer

The field device layer is a data acquisition terminal, mainly for the ARCM200 series residual electrical fire monitoring detector.

The system structure topology is as follows:

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3 electrical fire equipment

3.1, Acrel-6000/Q electrical fire monitoring background:

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The main technical parameters

power supply:

1 rated working voltage AC220V (-15% ~ +10%)

2 Standby power supply: When the main power supply is under voltage or power failure, maintain the monitoring equipment working time ≥1 hour

Working system:

24-hour work schedule

communication method:

RS485 bus communication, Modbus-RTU communication protocol, transmission distance 1km, can extend communication transmission distance through repeater

Monitoring capacity:

1 Monitoring equipment can monitor up to 1024 monitoring units (detectors)

2 can be connected with ARCM series monitoring detector

Monitoring alarm items:

1 Residual current fault (leakage): fault unit attribute (part, type)

2 Temperature alarm (over temperature): Fault unit attribute (part, type)

3 Current fault (overcurrent): Fault unit attribute (part, type)

Monitoring alarm response time: ≤30s

Monitoring alarm sound pressure level (A weighting): ≥70dB/1m

Monitoring alarm light display: red LED indicator, red light alarm signal should be maintained until manual reset

Monitoring alarm sound signal: can be manually eliminated, can be started again when there is alarm signal input again

Fault alarm item:

1 The communication cable between the monitoring device and the detector is open or shorted.

2 Monitoring equipment main power supply undervoltage or power failure

3 The cable between the charger that charges the battery and the battery is broken or shorted.

Fault alarm response time: ≤100s

Monitoring alarm sound pressure level (A weighting): ≥70dB/1m

Monitoring alarm light display: yellow LED indicator, yellow light alarm signal should be kept until troubleshooting

Fault alarm sound signal: can be manually eliminated, can be started again when there is an alarm signal input again

The normal operation of the non-faulty loop is not affected during the fault

Control output:

Alarm control output: 1 set of normally open passive contacts, capacity: AC250V 3A or DC30V 3A

Self-test items:

1 Indicator check: alarm, fault, operation, main power, standby power indicator

2 display check

3 audio device inspection

Self-test time ≤60s


1 Record content: record type, time of occurrence, detector number, area, fault description, can store no less than 20,000 records

2 record query: query according to the date, type and other conditions of the record

Operational rating:

1 Daily duty class: real-time status monitoring, event record query

2 Monitoring operation level: real-time status monitoring, event record query, detector remote reset, device self-test

3 System management level: real-time status monitoring, event record query, detector remote reset, device self-test, monitoring device system parameter query, monitoring device module detection, operator addition and deletion

Environmental conditions used:

1 Workplace: Fire control room, manned substation (distribution room), wall on room where someone is on duty

2 Working environment temperature: 0 ° C ~ 40 ° C

3 Working environment relative humidity: 5% ~ 95% RH

4 Altitude: ≤2500m

3.2, ARCM200 series instruments

The ARCM200 residual current electrical fire monitoring detector is designed for TT and TN systems below 0.4kV. It monitors and manages fire risk parameters such as residual current, conductor temperature, overcurrent and overvoltage in the distribution circuit. Thereby preventing the occurrence of electrical fires and real-time monitoring of various power parameters, providing accurate data for energy management. The product adopts advanced microcontroller technology, with high integration, small size, convenient installation, intelligent, digital and networked. It is an ideal choice for building electrical fire prevention monitoring and system insulation aging prediction. The product complies with the standard requirements of GB14287.2-2005 "Electrical Fire Monitoring System Part 2: Residual Current Electrical Fire Monitoring Detector".

4 system function

4.1. Monitoring alarm function:

The monitoring equipment can receive the leakage and temperature information of multiple detectors, and emit an audible and visual alarm signal when the alarm occurs. At the same time, the red “alarm” indicator on the device lights up, the display indicates the alarm location and alarm type, and the alarm time is recorded. The sound and light alarm is always maintained. Until the display is reset by pressing the display "Reset" button. The audible alarm signal can also be manually removed using the display "Muffler" button.

4.2. Fault alarm function

Communication failure alarm: When a communication failure occurs between the monitoring device and any of the connected detectors, the corresponding detector in the monitoring screen displays a fault indication, and the yellow “fault” indicator on the device lights up, and a fault alarm sound is emitted. .

Power failure alarm: When the main power or backup power fails, the monitoring device also emits an audible and visual alarm signal and displays the fault information. You can enter the corresponding interface to view the detailed information and release the alarm sound.

4.3. Self-test function

Check that all status indicators, display, and speakers in the device are normal.

4.4. Alarm record storage query function

When leakage, over-temperature alarm or communication or power failure occurs, the alarm part, fault information, alarm time and other information are stored in the database. When the alarm is cancelled or the fault is eliminated, the same is recorded. Historical data provides a variety of convenient and fast ways to query.

4.5. Power function

When the main power supply has a power failure, undervoltage, etc., the monitoring equipment can automatically switch to the standby power supply. When the main power supply returns to normal power supply, it automatically switches back to the main power supply, ensuring continuous and smooth operation of the monitoring equipment during the switching process.

4.6. Detector control function

Remote monitoring of all detectors connected to the unit is possible through monitoring software operation.

4.7. Authority Control Function

In order to ensure the safe operation of the monitoring system, the monitoring device software operation authority is divided into three levels, and different levels of operators have different operation rights.

5 Conclusion

The HSBC Kaiyuan electrical fire monitoring system consists of the electrical fire monitoring device Acrel-6000/Q and the leakage fire detector leakage fire detector ARCM200. The Acrel-6000 electrical fire monitoring system is an industrial grade that is independently developed by the company to receive field devices such as residual current electrical fire detectors to achieve alarm, monitoring, control, and management of protected electrical circuits. Hardware/software system. The system is applied to fire control centers in large shopping malls, living quarters, production bases, office buildings, shopping malls and other areas. The system uses a standard Modbus field bus to connect detectors with communication functions. When the detected parameter in the field protection circuit exceeds the alarm set value, it can send out alarm signals and control signals, can indicate the alarm part and save the alarm. information. The field instrument is connected to the Acrel-6000/Q piano electrical fire monitoring system of the control center by bus. The system has the advantages of convenient installation and transportation, high cost performance and convenient maintenance.


[1]. Ren Zhicheng Zhou Zhong. Principles and Application Guidelines of Power Electrical Measurement Digital Instrumentation [M]. Beijing. China Electric Power Press. 2007. 4

[2]. Zhou Zhong. Application of power meter in electric energy metering of large public buildings [J]. Modern Building Electric 2010. 6

About the Author

Yang Junjun, female, undergraduate. Position: Now working for Ankerui Electric Co., Ltd., contact number, mobile phone, QQ

Http:// Editor: (Hardware Business Network Information Center)

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