What are the characteristics, molding processes and uses of PS plastics?

PS Polystyrene Chemical and Physical Properties: Most commercial PSs are transparent, amorphous materials. PS has very good geometric stability, thermal stability, optical transmission characteristics, electrical insulation properties and a very small tendency to absorb moisture. It is resistant to water, diluted inorganic acids, but can be corroded by strong oxidizing acids such as concentrated sulfuric acid and can swell and deform in some organic solvents. Typical shrinkage is between 0.4 and 0.7%.
Injection molding process conditions:
Drying treatment: Drying is usually not required unless stored improperly. If drying is required, it is recommended to dry at 80C for 2-3 hours.
Melting temperature: 180~280C. The upper limit for the flame retardant material is 250C. Mold temperature: 40~50C. Injection pressure: 200~600bar.
Injection speed: A fast injection speed is recommended.
Runners and gates: All conventional types of gates can be used. Typical use product packaging, household items (tableware, trays, etc.), electrical (transparent containers, light source diffusers, insulating films, etc.).

Some of the plastic variety that people will produce large, low price, wide use and wide influence is called standard plastic.Its connotation often changes with the development of time and science and technology.Important standard plastics are polyethylene, polypropylene, polyvinyl chloride, polystyrene and other varieties

standard plastics including polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, PVC, acrylic - butadiene - styrene), poly (methyl benzene acid methyl ester and amino plastics and so on, its production accounted for more than 90% of the whole plastic production, so it is also called the large plastic varieties.

 

Merits and demerits

Compared with wood, metal, cement, glass and other materials, standard plastics have the following advantages and disadvantages.

 

Advantages: (1) easy to form, high degree of freedom of design;(2) easy coloring;(3) stronger than metal;(4) lighter weight;(5) easy to modify, easy to obtain required performance;(6) good electrical insulation;(7) good water resistance and no rust;(8) good chemical resistance;(9) production consumes less energy than metal;(10) as long as the waste plastics are treated well, the environmental damage and pollution will be less than other materials.

 

Disadvantages: (1) poor weatherability, especially in ultraviolet light, aging easily under uv light;(2) generate static electricity;(3) large thermal expansion coefficient and poor dimensional stability;(4) low surface hardness, easy to produce scratches;(5) poor durability and poor environmental stress cracking.

But with the continuous development of blending technology progress, as well as the standard polymer high-performance achievements, some of its insufficient gradually improved, broadens the application field of Standard Plastic, made of plastic in the position in the national economy more and more important.

Standard plastics has excellent performance, variety and versatility.Standard plastics can replace metal materials, cellulose materials and silicate materials with three traditional materials, and as the most powerful competitor of traditional materials.Standard plastics has been widely used in agriculture, light industry, textiles, electronic appliances, machinery, building materials, packaging and transportation and other departments, profoundly influences the whole development and the progress of science and technology, industrial and agricultural production in social development and national economic development, people's material and cultural living standards improve all aspects such as occupies very important position.

 

The purpose of standard plastics can be covered in the following aspects:

(1) Agriculture: various kinds of agricultural film, sheet materials, holding irrigation pipes, sprinkling irrigation pipes, fishing nets, breeding boxes, floating materials.

(2) industry: due to the electrical insulation of plastics, standard plastics are already used in the electrical industry to make insulating materials and packaging materials.Manufacturing parts and shells in electronic and instrumentation industries;Transmission gears and bearings in the mechanical industry;Chemical industry of various anti-corrosion containers, pipes, slots, tanks, etc.

(3) construction industry: Plastic doors, Windows, ceilings, floor leather, plumbing and pipe fittings, gas pipes and fittings, etc. are made from traditional materials such as wood and metal.

(4) Packaging: Various woven bags, packaging films, composite films, hollow containers, revolving boxes, corrugated boxes, packaging belts, foam plastics, etc.

(5) daily supplies: all kinds of plastic toys, toothbrushes, soap boxes, raincoats, tableware, utensils, slippers, etc.

(6) medical and equipment industry: all kinds of artificial organs, medical use infusion bags, one injection supplies, degradative medical materials.

(7) electric appliance industry: All kinds of office appliances and household appliances insulation, heat preservation, anticorrosive, moisture-proof housing, resistance to the tang, precise military components and so on.

Divisor in the above areas,standard plastics apply more extensive, at present, some standard plastics by modification to expand the application field, in the defense cutting-edge industry, transportation and aviation industry used as structural materials a lot.


Production:

(a)Pe Plastic Sheet

(b) PP Plastic Sheet

(c)Pmma Plastic Sheet/Acrylic Plastic Sheet /ESD PMMA Plastic Sheet/ESD Acrylic Plastic Sheet

Standard Plastics <80℃

Standard Plastic,PE Plastic,PP Plastic,Acrylic Plastic

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